Croatia occupies the largest area of the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea which, as a part of the Mediterranean Sea, penetrates deep into the European continent. The narrow Dinara Mountain Range separates the country’s Mediterranean region from its central European continental section, which spans from the easterly edges of the Alps in the north west to the shores of the Danube in the East, encompassing the southern part of the fertile Pannonian lowlands.
The Croatian national territory totals 56.594 km2 with 31.479 km2 of coastal waters for sailing, swimming and diving.
It has over 1.000 islands, cliffs and reefs. Its stunning coastline is over 5.800 km long, 1.800 of which belongs to the mainland, while over 4.000 km belongs to islands, cliffs and riffs. Just over 60 islands are inhabited. The most popular islands are Krk, Cres, Lošinj, Pag, Brač, Hvar, Korčula and Mljet.
4,437,460 inhabitants. The majority of people living in Croatia are Croatians (over 90%) and the majority of them are Roman Catholics. Other minorities living in Croatia include Serbians, Italians, Hungarians, Slovenians, German and Czechs.
The Croatian capital city is Zagreb, and it is the largest town in Croatia.
The second largest town in Croatia is Split to the south, Rijeka to the west and Osijek to the east. Other towns include Pula, Zadar, Dubrovnik, Poreč, Rovinj, Šibenik and Opatija.
The official language in Croatia is Croatia. It belongs to the Slavic group of languages.
Coastal Croatia has a Mediterranean climate, while the rest of the country has a continental climate.
As of January 2023, the currency used in Croatia is the Euro.
GMT + 1 (GMT + 2 from last Saturday in March to Saturday before last Sunday in October).
220 V, 50 Hz
Important Phone Numbers
The international telephone access code for Croatia is +385. The area codes for the largest cities and their surroundings areas are as follows: Zagreb 01, Split 021, Rijeka 051, Osijek 034. Omit the 0 when dialing from abroad. Dial 00 plus the relevant country code and number to place an outgoing international call from Croatia.
112 National Protection and Rescue Directorate (universal European number for emergencies)
193 Fire department
194 Medical emergency
195 National Headquarter for Search and Rescue at Sea
1987 Road assistance
18981 General information